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Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs - Building Homes and Strengthening Communities

Glossary of Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

AAHSA: American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging.

AARP: American Association of Retired Persons.

Accessible: A definition used by HUD in Section 504 with respect to the design, construction, or alteration of an individual dwelling unit. It means that the unit is located on anaccessible route and when designed, constructed, altered or adapted can be approached, entered, and used by individuals with physical 'handicaps.' A unit that is on an accessible route and is adaptable and otherwise in compliance with the standards set forth in the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS,23 CFR Subpart 40 for residential structures) is considered accessible. When a unit in an existing facility which is being made accessible as a result of alterations intended foruse by a specific qualified person with disability (e.g., a current occupant of such a unit or of another unit under the control of the same recipient, or an applicant on a waiting list), the unit will be deemed accessible if it meets the requirements of applicable standards that address the particular disability or impairment of such person.

Accessible route: Unobstructed path that connects accessible elements and spaces in a building or facility and complies with the space and reach requirements prescribed by the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS). An accessible route that serves only accessible units occupied by persons with hearing or vision impairments need not comply with those requirements intended to affect accessibility for persons with mobility requirements.

Acquisition: Acquisition of standard housing (at a minimum, meeting HUD Section 8 Housing Quality Standards) only, with no expectation of other listed activities ( Table 3A, Column C) being carried out in conjunction with the acquisition.

ACT: Achieving Change for Texans.

ACTF: Administration on Children, Youth, and Families.

ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq).

ADAAG: Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines.

ADAPT: Persons with disabilities consumer organization: American Disabled for Attendant Programs Today.

Adaptability: A definition used by HUD in Section 504 meaning the ability of certain elements of a dwelling unit, such as kitchen counters, sinks and grab bars to be added to, raised lowered, or otherwise altered, to accommodate the needs of persons with or without disability, or to accommodate the needs of persons with different degrees of disability.

ADL: Activities of Daily Living. ADL is used in measuring disabilities.

Administrative Costs: Reasonable and necessary costs, as described in OMB Circular A-87, incurred by the participating jurisdiction in carrying out its eligible program activities in accordance with prescribed regulations. Administrative costs include any cost equivalent to the costs described n 470.206 of this title and project delivery costs, such as new construction and rehabilitation counseling, preparing work specifications, loan processing, inspections, and other entities applying for or receiving HOME funds. Administrative costs do not include eligible project-related costs that are incurred by and charged to project owners.

AFC: Aid for Families with Dependent Children.

AFFH: Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing.

Affordable Housing: Housing where the occupant is paying no more than 30 percent (of gross income for gross housing costs, including utility costs. Housing that is for purchase (with or without rehabilitation) qualifies as affordable housing if it (1) is purchased by a low-income, first-time home buyer who will make the housing his or her principal residence; and (2) has a sale price that does not exceed the mortgages limit for type of single family housing for the area under HUD's single family insuring authority under the National Housing Act.

AHDP: FDIC's Affordable Housing Disposition Program

AI: Analysis of Impediments, such as Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing.

AIDS and Related Diseases: The disease of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or any conditions arising from the etiologic agent for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.

Air Infiltration Barriers: (Also called air retarders) are complementary to vapor barriers. Ideally, air infiltration barriers are comprised of one or more air-impermeable components that are sealed at all joints and penetrations to form a continuous airtight membrane around a building.

Alcohol/Other Drug Addiction: A serious and persistent alcohol or other drug addiction that significantly limits a person's ability to live independently.

AMFI: Area Median Family Income.

AMI: Alliance for the Mentally Ill.

Ancestry: A person's self-identified origin, descent, lineage, nationality group, or country in which the person or person's parents or ancestors were born before their arrival in the United States. This designation does not include religious affiliations. See also "Race."

Assisted Household or Person: For the purpose of identification of goals, an assisted household or person is one which during the periods covered by the annual plan will receive benefits through the investment of Federal funds, either alone or in conjunction with the investment of other public or private funds. (The program funds providing the benefit(s) may be from any funding year or combined funding years.) A renter is benefited if the household or person takes occupancy of affordable housing that is newly acquired (standard housing), or new rehabilitation is completed. A first-time home buyer is benefited if a home is purchased during the year. A homeless person is benefited if the person becomes an occupant of transitional or permanent housing. A non-homeless person with special needs is considered as being benefited, however, only if the provision of supportive services is linked to the acquisition, rehabilitation, or new construction of a housing unit and/or the provision of rental assistance during the year. Households or persons who will benefit from more than one program (e.g., a renter who receives rental assistance while occupying newly the goals, the household's housing unit must, at a minimum, satisfy the HUD Section 8 Housing Quality Standards (See e.g., 24 CFR section 882-109).

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B

Batts: Type of insulation, usually made of fiberglass or rock wool, made to fit between the studs in the walls or between the joists of the ceilings or floors.

BHIF: Type of insulation, usually made of fiberglass or rock wool, made to fit between the studs in the walls or between the joists of the ceilings or floors.

BHIF: Includes everything that provides a barrier between the interior of a home and the outside elements.

Building Envelope: Includes everything that provides a barrier between the interior of a home and the outside elements.

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C

CAA: Community Action Agency.

Capacity Building: Educational and organizational support assistance to promote the ability of community housing development organizations and nonprofit organizations to maintain, rehabilitate and construct housing for low and very low-income person and families. This activity may include, but is not limited to: 1) Organizational support to cover expenses for training, technical, and other assistance to the board of directors, staff, and members of the nonprofit organization or community housing development organization, 2) Program support including technical assistance and training related to housing development, housing management, or other subjects related to the provision of housing or housing services, and 3) Studies and analyses of housing needs.

CASA: Coordinated Agenda for the Southwestern Area of the United States.

CDBG: Community Development Block Grant.

CDC: Community Development Corporation.

CDFI: Community Development Financial Institution

CEAP: Comprehensive Energy Assistance Program.

CFDRP: Contract for Deed Refinance Program.

CFNP: Community Food and Nutrition Program.

CFR: Code of Federal Regulations.

CGP: Comprehensive Grant Program.

CHAS: Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy. CHAS was the predecessor to the Consolidated Plan.

CHDO or CHODO: Community Housing Development Organizations.

CIAP: Comprehensive Improvement Assistance Program.

CILP: Capital Improvement Loan Program.

COG: Council of Governments.

Colonia: An identifiable unincorporated area located within one hundred and fifty (150) miles of the Texas-Mexico border that lacks infrastructure and decent housing.

Committed: Generally means there has been a legally binding commitment of funds to a specific project to undertake specific activities.

Consolidated Plan: A document submitted to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) containing housing needs assessments and strategic plans for the state. It is required of the State of Texas by HUD in order to receive federal CDBG, HOME, ESG, and HOPWA program funds.

Contract for Deed: A financing arrangement for the sale of property whereby land ownership remains with the seller until the total purchase price is paid.

CPTED: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design.

CPD Programs: Community Planning and Development Programs.

CSBG: Community Services Block Grant.

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D

Disability: According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, a person shall be considered to have a disability if the person is determined to have a physical, mental, or emotional impairment that: (1) is expected to be of long-continued and indefinite duration, (2) substantially impeded his or her ability to live independently, and (3) is of such a nature that the ability could be improved by more suitable housing conditions. A person shall also be considered to have a disability or he or she has a developmental disability as defined in the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act (42 U.S.C. 6001-6006). The term also includes the surviving member or members or any household described in the first sentence of this paragraph who were living in an assisted unit with the deceased member of the household at the time of his or her death. According to the ICIDH disabilities reflects the consequences of a bodily impairment in terms of functional performance. See also "Impairment" and "Handicap."

Disabled Household: A household composed of one or more persons at least one of whom is an adult (a person of at least 18 years of age) who has a disability.

DOD: Department of Defense.

DOE: Department of Energy.

DPAP: Down Payment Assistance Program.

DPS: Texas Department of Public Safety.

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E

Economic Independence and Self-Sufficiency Programs: Programs undertaken by Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) to promote economic independence and self-sufficiency for participating families. Such programs may include Project Self- sufficiency and Operation Bootstrap programs that originated under earlier Section 8 rental certificate and rental voucher initiatives, as well as the Family Self-Sufficiency program. In addition, PHAs may operate locally-developed programs or conduct a variety of special projects designed to promote economic independence and self-sufficiency.

EDAP: The Texas Water Development Board's Economically Distressed Area Program.

EHP:Emergency community services Homeless Grant.

Elderly Household: A family in which the head of the household or a spouse is at least sixty-two years of age.

ELIHPA (Title II): Emergency Low Income Housing Preservation Act.

ENTERP: Emergency Nutrition/Temporary Emergency Relief Program

EOEP: Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology Program.

EPA: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency.

EPSDT: Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment for blood lead content performed by Texas Department of Health.

ESGP: Emergency Shelter Grant Program.

ETJ: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction.

Existing Homeowner: An owner-occupant of residential property who holds legal title to the property and who uses the property as his or her principal residence.

Extremely Low Income: Household Incomes less than or equal to 30 percent of: AMFI.

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F

Fair Housing Act: Title VIII of the Federal Civil Rights Act of 1968, as amended in 1988 (the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, 42 U.S.C., section 3601, et. seq).

Family: A household comprised of one or more individuals. (The National Affordable Housing Act (NAHA) definition required to be used in the CHAS rule - equivalent to Census definition of householder (head of household) and one or more other persons living in the same household who are related by birth, marriage or adoption. The term "household" is used in combination with the term "related" in the CHAS instructions, when compatibility with the Census definition of family (for reports and data available from the Census based upon that definition) is dictated. (See also "Homeless Family").

Federal Preference for Admission: The preference given to otherwise eligible applicants under HUD's rental assistance programs who, at the time they seek housing assistance, are involuntarily displaced, living in substandard housing, or paying more than 50 percent of family income for rent. (See, for example, section 882.219).

FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Agency.

FFY: Federal Fiscal Year.

FHA: Federal Housing Administration.

FHAP: Fair Housing Assistance Program.

FHEC: Fair Housing Enforcement Center.

FHEO: Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity

FHIP: Fair Housing Initiatives Program.

FHLB: Federal Home Loan Bank.

First-Time Home Buyer: An individual or family who has not owned a home during the three year period preceding the HUD-assisted purchase of a home that must be used as the principal residence of the home buyer.

FmHA: The Farmers Home Administration, or programs it administers. FmHA is now know as the Rural Economic and Community Development agency under the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

FNMA: Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae).

FOIA Request: Freedom of Information Act Request.

Frail Elderly Persons: Includes elderly persons who are unable to perform one or more "Activities of Daily Living" (ADL) without help.

FY: Fiscal Year.

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G

GNMA: Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae).

Government- Sponsored Mortgage Finance Corporations: The Federal National Mortgage Associating, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, and the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation.

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H

Habitat: Habitat for Humanity.

HAC: Housing Assistance Council.

HAMFI: HUD-Adjusted Median Family Income.

Handicap: According to the ICIDH handicaps are concerned with the disadvantages experienced by an individual as a result of impairments and disabilities and the interaction of the individual with his or her surroundings. See also "Disability" and "Impairment."

HARS: HIV/AIDS Reporting System.

HCALP: Home Construction and Acquisition Loan Program.

HHS Agencies: Health and Human Services Commission.

HLIP: Home Improvement Loan Program.

HODAG: Housing Development Grant.

HOME: The HOME Investment Partnerships Act, which is Title II of the National Affordable Housing Act.

HOME Funds: Funds made available under the HOME Investment Partnerships Act through allocations and reallocations, plus all repayment and interest or other return to the investment of these funds.

Homeless Family: Family that includes at least one parent or guardian and one child under the age of eighteen, a homeless pregnant woman, or a homeless person in the process of securing legal custody of a person under the age of eighteen.

Homeless Individual: An unaccompanied youth (seventeen years of age or under) or an adult (eighteen years or older) without children.

Homeless Youth: Unaccompanied person (seventeen years of age or under) who is living in situations described by terms "sheltered" or "unsheltered."

HOPE 1: The HOPE for Public and Indian Housing Home ownership Affordable Program, which is Title IV, Subtitle A of the National Affordable Housing Act.

HOPE 2: The HOPE for Homeownership of Single Family Homes Program, which is Title IV, Subtitle A of the National Affordable Housing Act.

HOPE 3: The HOPE for Homeownership of Single Family Homes Program which is Title IV, Subtitle C of the National Affordable Housing Act.

HOPWA: Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS.

Household: One or more persons occupying a housing unit (U.S. Census definition). (See also "Family.")

Housing: Includes manufactured housing and manufactured housing lots.

Housing Development Costs: The total of all costs incurred in financing, creating, or purchasing any housing development, including but not limited to a signal-family dwelling, which are approved by the department as reasonable and necessary. The costs may include but are not limited to the value of land and any buildings on the land, cost of land acquisition, options, deposits, or contracts to purchase; cost of site preparation demolition, and development; fee paid or payable in connection with the planning, execution, and financing of the development, such as those to architects, engineers, attorneys, accountants; cost of necessary studies, surveys, plans, permits, insurance, interest, financing, tax and assessment costs, and other operating and carrying costs during construction; cost of construction, rehabilitation, reconstruction, fixtures, furnishings, equipment, machines, and apparatus related to the real property; cost of land improvements, including without limitation, landscaping and off-site improvements; necessary expenses in connection with initial occupancy of the housing development; an allowance established by the Department for contingency reserves; and the cost of the other items, including tenant relocation, if tenant relocation costs are not otherwise being provided for, as determined by the department to be reasonable and necessary for the development of the housing development, less any and all net rents and other net revenues received from the operation of the real and personal property on the development site during construction.

Housing Development or Housing Project: Any real or personal property, project, building structure, or facilities work, or undertaking, whether existing, new construction, remodeling, improvement, or rehabilitation, which meets or is design to meet minimum property standards consistent with those prescribed in the federal HOME program for the primary purpose of providing sanitary, decent, and safe dwelling accommodations for rent, lease, use, or purchase by persons and families of low and very low-income and persons with special needs. This term may include buildings, structure, land, equipment, facilities, or other real or personal properties which are necessary, convenient, or desirable appurtenances, such as but not limited to streets, water, sewers, utilities, parks, site preparation, landscaping, stores, offices, and other non-housing facilities, such as administrative, community, and recreational facilities the Department determines to be necessary, convenient, or desirable appurtenances.

Housing Finance Division: A division or divisions of the department.

Housing Problems: Households with housing problems include those that: (1) occupy units meeting the definition of Physical Defects; (2) meet the definition of overcrowded; and (3) meet the definition of cost burden (> 30 percent of income spent on housing).

Housing Strategy: A Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy prepared in accordance with 24 CFR part 91, consisting of either a complete submission or and annual update. Approved housing strategy means a housing strategy that has been approved by HUD in accordance with 24 CFR part 91.

Housing Unit: An occupied or vacant house, apartment, or a single room (SRO Housing) that is intended as separate living quarters (U.S. Census definition).

HOYO: Texas Home Of Your Own Project.

HSDA: HIV Service Delivery Area.

HTC: (Federal) Housing Tax Credit.

HTF: Housing Trust fund.

HUB: Historically Underutilized Business. A HUB is defined as a business entity that is at least 51 percent owned by an African American, Hispanic, American, Asian-Pacific American, Native American, or a woman of any ethnicity.

HUD: The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

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I

IADL: Instrumental Activities of Daily Living.

ICD: International Classification of Diseases.

ICH: Federal Interagency Council on the Homeless.

ICIDH: International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps.

IDA: Individual Development Account.

IHA: Indian Housing Authority.

Impairment: According to the ICIDH impairments are concerned with abnormalities of body structure, organ or system function, and appearance. See also "Disability" and "Handicap."

Institutions/ Institutional: Group quarters for persons under care or custody. (U.S. Census definitions).

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J

JOBS: Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training.

Jurisdiction: A unit of state or local government.

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K

K (No terms)

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L

LGS: Local Government Services.

LIHEAP: Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program - Offers one-time financial assistance to qualifying low-income households who require support in paying their home heating or cooling bills. LIHEAP, established in 1981, is funded annually through Congressional appropriations and administered to states through the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

LIHPRHA: Low Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act.

LIHTC: (Federal) Low-income Housing Tax Credit.

Local Government: A county; an incorporated municipality; a special district; any other legally constituted political subdivision of the State; a public, nonprofit housing finance corporation created under Chapter 394, Local Government code Texas revised Civil Statues; or a combination of any of the entities described here.

Low-e: Low-emittance.

Low Income Neighborhood: A neighborhood that has at least 52 percent of its households at or below 80 percent of AMFI.

Low Income: Household whose incomes do not exceed 80 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by HUD with adjustments for smaller and larger families, except that HUD may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 80 percent of the median for the area on the basis of HUD's findings that such variations are necessary because of prevailing levels of construction costs or fair market rents, or unusually high or low family incomes. NOTE: HUD income limits are updated annually and are available from local HUD offices for the appropriate jurisdictions.

LRO: Local Recipient Organization.

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M

MAHRA: Multifamily Assisted Housing Reform and Affordability Act of 1997.

MCC: Mortgage Credit Certificate Program.

Metropolitan and Metro: Refers to all areas outside those designated as metropolitan statistical areas by the Bureau of the Census in the most recent decennial census.

MMHR: Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation.

Migrant Farmworkers: Those persons who travel from place to place in order to take advantage of work opportunities provided by various agricultural seasons across the country.

Moderate Income: Households whose incomes are between 81 percent and 95 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by HUD, with adjustments for smaller or larger families, except that HUD may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 95 percent of the prevailing levels of construction costs or fair market rents, or unusually high of low family incomes. (This definition is unique to the CHAS).

MOU: Memorandum of Understanding.

MRB: Mortgage Revenue Bond.

MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area.

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N

NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement.

NAWS: National Agricultural Workers Survey.

NCDI: National Community Development Initiative.

NCFH: National Center for Farmworker Health.

NCHS: National Center for Health Statistics.

Neighborhood: A geographic location designated in comprehensive plans, ordinances, or other local documents as a neighborhood, village, or similar geographical designation that is within the boundary but does not encompass the entire area of a unit of general local government. If the general local government has a population under 25,000 the neighborhood may, but need not, encompass the entire area of a unit of general local government.

NHIS: National Health Interview Survey.

NIMBY: Not In My Backyard.

NOFA: Notice of Funding Availability.

Non-Elderly Household: A household which does not meet the definition of "Elderly Household," as defined above.

Non-Homeless Persons with Special Needs: Includes frail elderly persons, persons with AIDS, disabled families, and families participating in organized programs to achieve economic self-sufficiency.

Non-Institutional: Group quarters for persons not under care or custody.

Not-for-Profit Organization: Any public or private, nonprofit organization that 1) is organizedunder state or local laws; 2) has no part of its net earnings inuring to the benefit of any member, founder, contributor, or individual. 3) is neither controlled by, nor under the direction of, individuals or entities seeking to derive profit or gain from the organization. A nonprofit organization may be sponsored in part by a for-profit entity, but a) the for-profit entity may not be an entity whose primary purpose is the development or management of housing, such as a builder, developer, or real estate management firm; b) the for-profit entity may not have the right to appoint more than one-third of the membership of the organization's governing body. Board members appointed by the for-profit entity may not appoint the remaining two-thirds of the board members; and c) the organization must be free to contract for goods and services from vendors of its own choosing; 4) has a tax exemption ruling from the Internal Revenue Service under 501(c) or the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; 5) does not include a public body (including the participating jurisdiction) or an instrumentality of a public body. An organization that is state or locally chartered may qualify as a nonprofit organization, however, the state or local government may not have the right to appoint more than one-third of the membership of the organization's government body and no more than one-third of the Board members can be public officials; and 6) has among its purpose the provision of decent housing that is affordable to low-income and very low-income persons, as evidenced by its charter, articles of incorporation, resolutions or by-laws.

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O

Occupied Housing Unit: Other housing unit that is the usual place of residence of the occupant(s).

OCS: Office of Community Services.

OEHCY: Office for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth.

OMB: Office of Management and Budget.

ONAP: Office of Native American Programs.

Other Household: A household of one or more persons that does not meet the definition of a Small Related Household or a Large Related Household, or is an elderly household comprised of three or more persons.

Other Low-Income: Households whose incomes are between 51 percent and 80 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by HUD, with adjustments for smaller and larger families, except that HUD may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 80 percent of the median for the area of the basis of HUD's findings that such variations are necessary because of prevailing levels of constructions costs of fair market rents, or unusually high or low family incomes.

Other Vacant: Vacant year round housing units that are not For Rent, For Sale, or Vacant Awaiting Occupancy or Held. (U.S. Census definition).

Overcrowded: A housing unit containing more than one person per room. (U.S. Census definition).

Owner: A household that owns the housing unit it occupies. (U.S. Census definition).

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P

PAE: Participating Administrative Entities.

Participating Jurisdiction: Any jurisdiction (as defined in these section) that has been so designated by HUD in accordance with 92.105.

PATH: Programs to Assist the Transition from Homelessness.

Person with Disabilities: 1) A person is considered to have a disability if the person has a Physical mental, or emotional impairment that (i) is expected to be of long-continued and indefinite duration; (ii) substantially impedes his or her ability to live independently; and (iii) is of such a nature that such ability could be improved by more suitable housing conditions. 2)A person will also be considered to have a disability if he or she has a developmental disability, which is a severe, chronic disability that (i) is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments; (ii) is manifested before the person attains age twenty-two; (iii) is likely to continue indefinitely; (iv) results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity; self-care, receptive and expressive language, learning, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living, and economic self-sufficiency and (v) reflects the person's need for a combination and sequence of special interdisciplinary, or generic care, treatment, or other services that are lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and coordinated.

PFS: Performance Funding System

PHA: Public Housing Agency.

Physical Defects: A housing unit lacking complete kitchen or bathroom (U.S. Census definition).

PIC: Private Industry Council.

Poverty: The income cutoffs used by the Census Bureau to determine the poverty status of families and unrelated individuals included a set of forty-eight thresholds arranged in a two-dimensional matrix consisting of family size (from one person to nine or more persons) cross-classified by presence of and number of family members under eighteen years old. The total income of each family or unrelated individual in the sample was tested against the appropriate poverty threshold to determined the poverty status of that family or unrelated individual. If the total income was classified as "below the poverty level." The poverty thresholds are revised annually to allow for changes in the cost of living as reflected in the Consumer Price Index. The average poverty threshold for a family of four persons was $12,674 in 1989.

PPI: People for Progress, Inc.

Predevelopment Costs: Costs related to a specific eligible housing project including: a) expenses necessary to determine project feasibility, (including costs of an initial feasibility study), consulting fees, costs of preliminary financial applications, legal fees, architectural fees, engineering fees, engagement of a development team, site control and title clearance; and b) reconstruction housing project costs that the board determines to be customary and reasonable, including but not limited to the costs of obtaining firm construction loan commitments, architectural plans and specifications, zoning approvals, engineering studies, and legal fees. Predevelopment costs does not include general operational or administrative costs.

Primary Housing Activity: A means of providing or producing affordable housing - such as rental assistance, production, rehabilitation or acquisition - that will be allocated significant resources and/or pursued intensively for addressing a particular housing need. (See also, "Secondary Housing Activity.")

Project: A site or an entire building including a manufactured housing unit, or two or more buildings together with the site or sites on which the building or buildings is located, that are under common ownership, management, and financing (i.e. a project assisted with HOME funds, under a commitment by the owner, as a single undertaking). Project includes all the activities associated with the site and building. If there is more than one site associated with a project, the sites must be within a four-block area.

Project Completion: All necessary title transfer requirements and construction work have been performed and the project, in HUD's judgment, complies with specified requirements, (including the property standards adopted under HOME 92.251); the final drawdown has been disbursed for the project; and a project completion report has been submitted and processed in the Cash and Management Information System(92.501) as prescribed by HUD. For tenant-based rental assistance, the final drawdown has been disbursed for the project and the final payment certification has been submitted and processed in the Cash and Management Information System (92.502) as prescribed by HUD.

Project-Based (Rental Assistance): Rental Assistance provided for a project, not for a specific tenant. Tenants receiving project-based rental assistance give up the right to that assistance upon moving from the project.

PSA: Public Service Announcement.

Public Housing: Any state, county, municipality or other government entity or public body (or its agency or instrumentality) that is authorized to engage in or assist in the development or operation of low-income housing. The term includes any Indian Housing Authority.

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Q

Qualified Allocation: The Qualified Allocation Plan is utilized by the Housing Tax Credit Program in setting threshold and selection criteria points for the allocation of tax credits.

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R

Race: Persons who identify themselves according to the following race categories on the 1980 Census questionnaire: White, Black or Negro, American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut, Japanese, Filipino, Korean, Asian Indian, Vietnamese, Hawaiian, Guamanian, Samoan, and Other. The "Other" category includes Malaysian, Polynesian, Thai, and other groups not included in the specific categories listed on the questionnaire. Users of the information listed on said questionnaire should not confuse RACE and ANCESTRY, i.e. Persons who claim SPANISH ORIGIN may be of ANY Race.

RC Program: Residential Care Program.

Real Property: All land, including improvements and fixtures and property of any nature appurtenant, or used in connection therewith, and every estate, interest, and right legal or equitable therein, including leasehold interests, terms for years, and liens by way of judgment, mortgage or otherwise.

RECD: Rural Economic and Community Development agency or programs it administers. It has replaced the Farmer's Home Administration.

Recipient: Community housing development organization, nonprofit organizations, local units of government and public housing authorities.

Reconstruction: HUD guidelines regarding reconstruction are as follows: The regulation defines reconstruction as the rebuilding of housing on the same foundation. Therefore, the foundation must be used, if possible. If the building has no foundation or if it is not possible to rebuild on the foundation, then the "foundation" will be the same location as the building that is being reconstructed. Construction of housing on a different portion of the land parcel would be new construction The reconstructed housing must be substantially similar to the structure that is being replaced, regardless of whether an existing foundation is used (i.e. a single family house must be replaced with a structure containing the same number of units). Rooms may be added to a building outside of the foundation or footprint of the original housing if needed to meet local codes. However, additional units cannot be constructed as part of a reconstruction project. A structure must be present prior to reconstruction. This structure should be documented by pictures and an explanation of why rehabilitation of the existing structure is not feasible.

Rehabilitation Housing: Housing that is to be rehabilitated, but may be rented or owned by a family when assistance is provided, qualifies as affordable housing if the housing (1) is occupied by a low-income family which uses the house as its principal residence; and (2) has a value, after rehabilitation, that does not exceed the mortgage limit for the type of single family housing for the area, as described in above.

Rental Assistance: Rental assistance payments provided as either project-based rental assistance or tenant-based rental assistance.

Rental Housing: A rental housing unit is considered to be an affordable housing unit if it is occupied by a low-income family or individual and bears a rent that is the lesser of (1) the Existing Section 8 Fair Market Rent (FMR) for comparable units in the area; or (2) 30 percent of the adjusted income of a family whose income equals 65 percent of the median income for the area, except that HUD may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 65 percent of the median because of prevailing levels of construction costs or fair market rents, or usually high or low family incomes.

Renter: A household that rents the housing unit it occupies, including both units rented for cash and units occupied without cash payment or rent (U.S. Census definition).

Renter Occupied Unit: Any occupied housing unit that is not owner occupied, including units rented for cash and those occupied without payment of cash rent.

RFP: Request For Proposals.

RTC: Resolution Trust Corporation.

Rural and Urban: (Population) Rural and urban are type-of-area concepts rather than specific areas outlined on maps. As defined by the Census Bureau, the urban population comprises all persons living in urbanized areas (UA's) and in places 2,500 or more inhabitants outside UA's. The rural population consists of everyone else. Therefore, a rural classification need not imply farm residence or a sparsely settled area, since a small city or town is rural as long as it is outside a UA and has fewer than 2,500 inhabitants.

R-values: A term used to describe insulation -- higher R-values represent better insulation and greater resistance to heat flow.

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S

S+C: Shelter Plus Care.

SAA: State Administrative Agency.

SABR: Statewide Architectural Barrier Removal Program administered by TDHCA.

Secondary Housing Activity: A means of providing or producing affordable housing - such as rental assistance, production, rehabilitation, or acquisition - that will receive fewer resources and less emphasis than primary housing activities for addressing a particular housing need. See also, "Primary Housing Activity".

Section 202: Supportive Housing for the Elderly administered by HUD.

Section 215: Section 215 of Title II of the National Affordable Housing Act. Section 215 defines what constitutes "affordable" housing projects under the Title II HOME program.

Section 504: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Public Law 93-112, 29 U.S.C. 794) administered by HUD.

Section 8: Section 8 Existing Housing Certificate Program.

Section 8 Program: Statewide Housing Assistance Payments Program.

Section 811 Program: Supportive Housing for the Disabled administered by HUD.

SEER: Central air conditioners are rated according to their seasonal energy efficiency ratio -- indicates the relative amount of energy needed to provide a specific cooling output.

Selected Conditions: Housing conditions which consists of the following components - incomplete plumbing facilities, overcrowding, in renter-occupied units, rent is 30 percent or more of household income, and in owner-occupied units the structure was built in 1939 or earlier and is valued below $25,000 (metro) or $20,000 (non-metro).

Service Needs: The particular services identified for special needs populations, which typically may include transportation, personal care, housekeeping, counseling, meals, case management, personal emergency response, and other services to prevent premature institutionalization and assist individuals to continue living independently.

Severe Cost Burden: SEE Cost Burden > 50 percent.

Severely Distressed Public Housing Agency: A PHA that has not met HUD performance standards. See also "Troubled Public Housing Agency."

SFY: State Fiscal Year.

Sheltered: Families and persons whose primary nighttime residence is a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter, including emergency shelters, transitional housing for the homeless, domestic violence shelters, residential shelters for runaway and homeless youth, and any hotel/motel/apartment voucher arrangement paid because the person is homeless. This term does not include persons living doubled up or in overcrowded or substandard conventional housing. Any facility offering permanent housing is not a shelter, nor are its residents homeless.

SHPLP: Subsidized Home Purchase Loan Program.

SIPP: U.S. Census Bureau Survey of Income and Program Participation.

SLIHP: State Low Income Housing Plan and Annual Report.

Small Related: A household of two to four persons which includes at least two related persons.

Special Needs: Persons with: Persons with special needs as defined by HUD include persons with disabilities, persons with HIV/AIDS, elderly persons, frail elderly persons, persons with alcohol and/ or drug addictions, victims of domestic violence and public housing residents.

SRA: Sponsor-based Rental Assistance.

SRO Program: Section 8 Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program.

SSI: Federal Supplemental Social Security Income.

State Recipient: A unit of local government designated by a state to receive HOME funds from a state to carry out HOME Program activities.

STEP: Community Development Block Grant Program's Small Towns Environment Program.

Subrecipient: A public agency or nonprofit organization selected by the participating jurisdiction's home program. A public agency or nonprofit organization that receives HOME funds solely as a developer or owner of housing is not a subrecipient. The participating jurisdiction's selection of a subrecipient is not subject to the procurement procedures and requirements.

Substandard Condition but Suitable for Rehabilitation: By local definition, dwelling units that do not meet standard conditions but are both financially and structurally feasible for rehabilitation. This does not include units that require only cosmetic work, correction or minor livability problems, or maintenance work. The jurisdiction must define this term (i.e., standard condition, financially and structurally feasible for rehab) and include this definition in the Appendix (Glossary of Terms) portion of its CHAS submission.

Substantial Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation of residential property at an average cost for the project in excess of $25,000 per dwelling unit.

Supportive Housing: A housing, including Housing Units and Group Quarters, that has a supportive environment and includes a planned service component.

Supportive Services: Services provided to residents of supportive housing for the purpose of facilitating the independence of residents. Some examples are case management, medical or psychological counseling and supervision, child care, transportation, and job training.

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T

TANF: Temporary Assistance to Needy Families.

TAHSA: Texas Association of Homes and Services for the Aging.

TBRA: HOME program's Tenant Based Rental Assistance program.

TCADA: Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse.

TCDP: Texas Community Development Program.

TDA or TDoA: Texas Department on Aging.

TDED: Texas Department of Economic Development.

TDH: Texas Department of Health.

TDHCA: Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs.

TDHS: Texas Department of Human Services.

TDCJ: Texas Department of Criminal Justice.

TEA: Texas Education Agency.

TELRR: Texas Environmental Lead Reduction Rules.

Tenant Assistance: Rental assistance payments provided as either project-based rental assistance or tenant-based rental assistance.

Tenant-Based (Rental) Assistance: A form or rental assistance in which the assisted tenant may move from a dwelling unit with a right to continued assistance. The assistance is provided for the tenant, not for the project.

Threshold Criteria: To be considered for funding, a housing project must first demonstrate that it meets all the threshold criteria set forth as follows: a) the project is consistent with the requirements established in this rule; b) the applicant provides evidence of their ability to carry out the project in the areas of financing, acquiring, rehabilitating, developing, or managing affordable housing developments; and c) the project addresses an identified housing need. This assessment will be based on statistical data, surveys or other indicators of needs as appropriate.

TICH: Texas Interagency Council for the Homeless.

Title II: See ELIHPA.

Title VI: See LIHPRHA.

TJPC: Texas Juvenile Probation Commission.

TMHC: Texas Mental Health Center.

TNRCC: Texas Natural Resources Conservation Commission.

TNRIS: Texas Natural Resources Information Systems.

Total Bonded Indebtedness: All single family mortgage revenue bonds (including collateralized mortgage obligations), multifamily mortgage revenue bonds, and other debt obligations issued or assumed by the Department and outstanding as of August thirty-one of the year of calculation, excluding; all such bonds rated AAA by Moody's Investors Service or AAA by Standard & Poors Corporation for which the Department has no direct or indirect financial liability form the Department's unencumbered fund balances, and all other such bonds, whether rated or unrated, for which the Department has no direct or indirect financial liability form the Departments unencumbered fund balances, unless Moody's' or Standard & Poors has advised the Department in writing that all or portion of the bonds excluded by this clause should be included in a determination of total bonded indebtedness.

Total Vacant Housing Units: Unoccupied year round housing units (U.S. Census definition).

TRA: Tenant-based Rental Assistance.

Troubled Public Housing Agency: A PHA with at least 250 units that is in the third year of official HUD status as not having met targets for improved performance.

TSAHC: Texas State Affordable Housing Corporation.

TSEHP: Texas Statewide Homebuyer Education Programs.

TU: Texas Utilities Electric Company.

TUHDC: Texas Union Housing Development Corporation.

TVLB: Texas Veteran's Land Board.

TWC: Texas Workforce Commission.

TWDB: Texas Water Development Board.

TxMHMR: Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation.

TYC: Texas Youth Commission.

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U

UCPA/CA: United Cerebral Palsy Association of the Capital Area, Inc.

UFAS: Universal Federal Accessibility Standards.

Unencumbered Fund Balances: Is a) the sum of the balances resulting at the end of eachDepartment fiscal year form deducting the sum of bond indenture and credit rating restrictions and liabilities for the sum of amounts on deposit in indenture funds and other tangible and intangible assets of each department housing bond program, and b) uncommitted amounts of deposit in each independent or separate unrestricted fund established by the housing finance division or its administrative component units.

Urban and Rural: (Population) Urban and rural are type of area concepts rather than specific areas outlined on maps. As defined by the Census Bureau, the urban population comprises all persons living in urbanized areas (UAs) and in places of 2,500 or more inhabitants outside UA's. The rural population consists of everyone else. Therefore, a rural classification need not imply farm residence or a sparsely settled area, since a small city or town is rural as long as it is outside a UA and has fewer than 2,500 inhabitants. The terms urban and rural are independent of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan designations; both urban and rural areas occur inside and outside of SMSA's VACANT WAITING OCCUPANCY OR HELD: Vacancy year round housing units that have been rented or sold and are currently awaiting occupancy, and vacant year round housing units that are held by owners or renters for occasional use (U.S. Census definition).

U-Value: A window's measure of its insulating ability-low U-value means better insulating ability.

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V

VA: Department of Veterans' Affairs.

Vapor Barrier: A form of moisture control including polyethylene sheets, low-perm-rated paints, laminated asphalt-covered building paper, vinyl wall coverings, and foil-type wallpapers.

Very Low Income: Households whose incomes do not exceed 50 percent of the median area income for the area, as determined by HUD, with adjustments for smaller and larger families and for areas with unusually high or low incomes or where needed because of prevailing levels of construction costs or fair market rents.

VETS: Veterans' Employment and Training Service in the U.S. Department of Labor.

VHAP: Texas Veterans Housing Assistance Program.

VHIP: Texas Veterans Home Improvement Program.

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W

WAP: Weatherization Assistance Program.

WHO: World Health Organization.

Work Disability: A condition that prevents a person from working or limits a person's ability to work.

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XYZ

No terms for x, y, or z.

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